Security features in session handling
This page gives an overview of the security features of OX session handling, and the ways to configure them. Since a session represents an authenticated user it's important that we make sure a session is only used by the person having created it. We ensure this in a variety of ways.
This is probably the most important hint. When using HTTPS the traffic between the browser and backend is encrypted, and unless someone has the servers private key on hand, no one can snoop around in the headers and body of the request. Also when using HTTPS the OX server marks its cookies so that they may ONLY be transferred using an HTTPS transport. This will protect the Session Secret, and, when using autologin, the Session ID from being read by others.
When the IP Check is enabled, the OX server records the IP address of the client that created the session. Only requests coming from that IP address may then use the session. This is great for protecting the session from being taken over by someone else. It falls a little short when the accesses are bundled up by a proxy and becomes a nuisance when the client frequently changes IP addresses (mobile phones that roam a lot being the canonical example). In any case we suggest leaving the IP check active. The file server.properties contains the configuration for this:
HTTP Only Cookies
The cookie hash has a dual role:
- It prevents OX cookies from overwriting each other when two clients use the same cookie store (e.g. the browser itself and a browser plugin)
- It serves as a fingerprint of the client
The cookie hash is usually calculated using the client parameter and the User-Agent header. The client is then stored along with the session in the OX backend. When another request comes along, the hash is recalculated using the User-Agent header of the new request and the stored client value. It therefore verifies that the User-Agent header is the same. You can finetune this process a bit.
The first thing you can influence is, which headers are used in constructing the cookie hash. User-Agent is a given, further headers can be added using the com.openexchange.cookie.hash.fields parameter. It contains a comma separated list of header names to be included in the hash calculation. Say, for example, your apache configuration creates a client fingerprint and sets the header X-Security-ClientFingerprint (a hypothetical example), and you want to OX server to use this when verifying the session integrity. Open up the server.properties and set the following configuration option:
The OX server will then use the User-Agent header, the client parameter and the X-Security-ClientFingerprint header to ensure the session is only used by the same client.
The second thing you can configure is whether the hash value should be calculated and checked on every request. In essence setting this property to anything else than calculate removes the second role of the cookie hash. It might be needed if you use an exotic authentication mechanism, where sessions are created by a different client than the one using the session, or if clients for one reason or another switch the value of the User-Agent header during a session. The configuration parameter com.openexchange.cookie.hash can be set either to calculate (the default), meaning the fingerprinting mechanism will be used or remember meaning only the first role will be fulfilled. Again, this can be set in the file server.properties: