AppSuite:MySQL Fulltext Index

Revision as of 13:23, 20 January 2016 by Khgras (talk | contribs)
Using MySQL FULLTEXT index for Auto-Complete
This information is valid from 7.8.1 on.

With Open-Xchange Server v7.8.1 the MySQL FULLTEXT index is supported for retrieving auto-complete results. In order to use that capability an appropriate MySQL version needs to be in place. FULLTEXT indexes are supported starting with MySQL v5.6.4 (see for details).

Once enabled, an appropriate index is created on the 'prg_contacts' table automatically and is used afterwards to serve the "find as you type" auto-completion requests in a more efficient way.

Moreover using a MySQL FULLTEXT index provides improved results when searching for "tokens". For instance an E-Mail address gets tokenized in the following way:
yields the tokens: "jane", "doe", "somewhere", and "com"

Thus a user is able to start typing e.g. "somewhere" or "doe" to hit that search result. Without FULLTEXT index support, the user is supposed to enter "jane" to get that hit.

Configuring usage for MySQL FULLTEXT index

For enabling the usage for a MySQL FULLTEXT index the property "" needs to be set to "true" and a restart is supposed to be performed. Once set to "true" an appropriate update task ( gets executed on next login attempts for associated database schemas.

An administrator can even influence what fields are supposed to be considered for FULLTEXT -backed auto-complete executions by modifying "" property.

Note As explained above the update task gets only executed once (the time when a first login attempt for an associated database schema happens). In consequence, modifying the "" property later on has no effect (even a restart does not get the changes applied). In order to apply the changes applied to "" property, the associated update task is required being re-executed using the "forceupdatetask" command-line tool:

/opt/open-xchange/sbin/forceupdatetask --task <other command-line arguments>

Otherwise the FULLTEXT index will stop working.

MySQL configuration options

An administrator may want to change how the MySQL FULLTEXT index works. MySQL only supports to change minimum/maximum word length and stop-words list for the InnoDB storage engine.

The MySQL default value for the minimum word length is set to 3. In case users should be allowed to also retrieve results when typing less than 3 characters, the "innodb_ft_min_token_size" needs to be changed accordingly in the MySQL configuration file:


Note Changing any of the MySQL configuration options requires that FULLTEXT indexes are re-created. Taken from MySQL reference manual: "...

Rebuilding InnoDB Full-Text Indexes

If you modify full-text variables that affect indexing (innodb_ft_min_token_size, innodb_ft_max_token_size, innodb_ft_server_stopword_table, innodb_ft_user_stopword_table, innodb_ft_enable_stopword, ngram_token_size) you must rebuild your FULLTEXT indexes after making the changes. Modifying the innodb_ft_min_token_size, innodb_ft_max_token_size, or ngram_token_size variables, which cannot be set dynamically, require restarting the server and rebuilding the indexes.

To rebuild the FULLTEXT indexes for an InnoDB table, use ALTER TABLE with the DROP INDEX and ADD INDEX options to drop and re-create each index. ..."

Thus an administrator may manually drop and re-add the index or simply re-execute the associated update task ( as explained above using "forceupdatetask" command-line tool.